The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for DHCP server is responsible for assigning the IP addresses to the client computers automatically. The client computers to which the DHCP server automatically assigns the IP addresses are the ones that are configured to obtain the addresses automatically. In other words, when a client computer is configured to obtain the IP address automatically, it is the DHCP server that assigns the IP address to the computer.
With the new Server Manager in Windows Server 2016 and Server 2012 R2, there have been some changes in the way DHCP role will be installed. in the sections below, installation and configuration of DHCP Role using Server Manager and PowerShell on Windows Server 2016. Before starting, the user needs to ensure that he/she logs in as a domain user with local administrative privileges, in case the machine involved is a domain joined machine.
Install DHCP Server On Server 2016
Step #1. In Server Manager, from the Manage menu, select Add Roles and Features. The Add Roles and Features Wizard starts, displaying the Before You Begin page.
Step #2. Click Next. The Select Installation Type page opens.
Step #3. Leave the Role-Based Or Feature-Based Installation option selected and click Next to open the Select Destination Server page.
Step #4. Select the server that you want to promote to a domain controller and click Next. The Select Server Roles page opens.
Step #5. Select the DHCP Server role and click on Add Features then Click Next.
Step #6. Click Add Features to accept the dependencies and then click Next. The Select Features page opens.
Step #7. Click Next. A Confirm Installation Selections page opens.
Step #7. On the Confirm Installation Selection window, check the Restart the destination server automatically if required, and then click Install.
The last page of the wizard (which comes up after the role has been installed), provides a link – “Complete DHCP configuration”. This provides some tasks that need to be performed to enable the DHCP server role to work properly after role installation.
Configure DHCP Server and Creating Scope
Step #1. Click link – “Complete DHCP configuration”.
Step #2. From the opened DHCP Post-Install configuration wizard box, on the Description window, read the description carefully and click Next to proceed to the next step.
Step #3. On the Authorization window, make sure that the Use the following user’s credentials radio button are selected, and the correct username (the domain administrator account of the computer) is displayed in the User Name field. (In case the DHCP server is not the member of a domain, you can click to select the Skip AD authorization radio button.). Once done, click the Commit button.
Step #4. Back on the Server Manager window, right-click the DHCP server in the SERVERS list from the DHCP category. From the displayed context menu, click the DHCP Manager option.
Step #5. On the opened DHCP snap-in, from the left pane, expand the server name. From the displayed tree, right-click IPv4, and click New Scope.
Step #6. On the New Scope Wizard welcome screen, click Next.
Step #7. On the Scope Name window, type a new name and a brief description of the DHCP scope in the Name and Description fields respectively. Click Next to proceed further.
Step #8. On the IP Address Range window, in the Start IP address and End IP address fields, type the first and last address of the entire IP address range respectively that you want the DHCP server to assign to the DHCP client computers. Then Click Next.
Step #9. Provide any IP addresses you need to exclude from the pool and click Add. I have excluded 126.96.36.199 to 188.8.131.52 IP address which is statically assigned to my DHCP server. Click Next.
Step #10. On the Lease Duration window, leave the default settings intact for now and click Next.
Step #11. On the Configure DHCP Options window, make sure that Yes, I want to configure these options now radio button is selected, and click Next.
Step #12. On the Router (Default Gateway) window, in the IP address field, type the IP address of the router that is used as the default gateway for the local network, and click Add to add the address to the list, click Next.
Step #13. On the Domain Name and DNS Servers window, make sure that the IP address of the DNS server is displayed in the IP address list, and click Next. (If the IP address is not listed, you can add it manually.).
Step #14. On the WINS Servers window, click Next leaving everything as default.
Step #15. On the Activate Scope window, make sure that the Yes, I want to activate the scope now radio button is selected, and click Next.
Step #16. On the final window, click Finish to complete the new scope creation and activation process.
The creating Scope is finished, now you can use your DHCP server.
DHCP server has been successfully set up on Windows Server 2016. You should test this configuration by using a client machine and setting it to obtain an IP address automatically in TCP/IPv4 Properties.
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