There are four types of images used by WDS: boot images, install images, capture images, and discover images.
- Boot Images
- Install Images
- Capture Images
- Discover Images
Boot images are Windows PE images that reside in the \Sources folder on the Windows installation media as \Sources\Boot.wim. The Boot.wim file includes both Windows PE and the WDS client.
Install images are the actual operating system images that are deployed to the client computer. You can use the default image in the \Sources folder of the installation media (\Sources\Install.wim), or you can create a custom image by using a capture image or other tool.
Capture images are used to create a custom install image from an existing template computer. You must prepare the template computer with Sysprep and then boot by using the capture image. You have to have sufficient spare disk space on the template computer to save the captured image to a local volume.
Discover images are used by WDS client computers that don’t support PXE boot. You use the Boot.Wim file from the Windows installation media and you also need the tools in the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK).
Create Discover Image with Bootable iso
Step #1. Open Server Manager
Step #2. Click Tools- Windows Deployment Services. The Windows Deployment Services console appears. Or You can type wdsmgmt.msc in run dialog box to open Windows Deployment Services.
Step #3. Expand Servers and then expand the server so that you can see the Install Images
folder and the Boot Images folder.
Step #4. To create a discover boot image, right-click a boot image in the Windows Deployment Services console and choose to Create Discover Image.
Step #5. specify where you want to store the discover image file. In addition, you can Enter the name of the Windows Deployment Services server. By default, it will the extension of .wim by itself.
Step #6. On the Summary page, click Next.
Step #7. When the images are added to the server, click Finish.
Create a Bootable ISO image
To create or to convert the discover image to a bootable.ISO image, you have to download and install the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK).
ADK is a set of tools provided by Microsoft to customize, assess, and deploy a Windows operating system to new computers. It is located at Microsoft’s Download Center. Then we are using the oscdimg command to create the .ISO image.
Install the windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK)
Install the windows assessment and deployment kit (ADK)
Step #1. Start the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit by double-clicking adksetup.exe.
Step #2. On the Specify Location page, leave the default settings, and then click Next.
Step #3. When you are prompted to join the Customer Experience Improvement Program
(CEIP), click Next.
Step #4. On the License Agreement page, click Accept.
Step #5. With the Deployment Tools and Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE)
already selected, click Install.
Step #6. When the installation is complete, click Close.
Commands to create Bootable ISO image
Step #1. Create a folder named C:\WinPE or any other location.
Step #2. Copy the contents of the .wim file which we created by typing this command.
|CopyPE amd64 C:\WinPE|
This command means, extract or copy the contents of Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE) with the architecture of 64 bit to the folder which we specified.
Step #3. Now that we have extract the .wim file on the folder of C:\WinPE\Media\Sources\Boot.wim, it has already had a boot.Wim file. Now, what do we need is to replace that with Boot.wim file with .wim which we created? We can do that graphically just by dragging and renaming but it won’t give us the result. Instead, we have to use this command.
|Copy /y C:\Discover.wim C:\WinPE\Media\Sources\Boot.wim|
Step #4. Here we are in the last step of Creating Bootable ISO image to do that type down this command.
|OScdimg -n -b”C:\WinPE\Fwfiles\etfsboot.com” C:\WinPE\Media C:\Discover.iso|
OScdimg means Operating System change directory image.
-n stands for the files which are long names.
-b it points to the provided folder to be bootable and etfsboot.com is the file.
It was all about, How to Create Discover image with Bootable iso in Windows Server 2016? I hope you have learned this article, I hope you will ask your questions, give us your suggestions, opinion about what articles we have to write. If you faced any problem tell us below by comment, Feel free to tell us. we’re waiting for your suggestion.
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